Thursday, 12 December 2013

Kim Jong-un's Aunt Helped Purge Her Own Husband in North Korean Treachery

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Kim Jong-un's Aunt Helped Purge Her Own Husband in North Korean Treachery (ABC News)

Bắc Triều Tiên xử tử dượng ông Kim Jong Un

Hãng Thông tấn Trung ương Triều Tiên (KCNA) cho biết ông Jang đã bị xử tử hôm thứ Năm sau khi bị đưa ra xét xử tại một tòa án quân sự đặc biệt
Hãng Thông tấn Trung ương Triều Tiên (KCNA) cho biết ông Jang đã bị xử tử hôm thứ Năm sau khi bị đưa ra xét xử tại một tòa án quân sự đặc biệt
Bắc Triều Tiên đã xử tử ông Jang Song Thaek, dượng của nhà lãnh đạo Kim Jong Un, người cho đến gần đây được coi là một trong những cố vấn hàng đầu của ông Kim.

Hãng Thông tấn Trung ương Triều Tiên (KCNA) cho biết ông Jang đã bị xử tử hôm thứ Năm sau khi bị đưa ra xét xử tại một tòa án quân sự đặc biệt.

Bản tin của hãng thông tấn này gọi ông là "kẻ phản bội tổ quốc, thực hiện những hành vi phe phái chống đảng, phản cách mạng hòng lật đổ sự lãnh đạo của đảng và nhà nước chúng ta."

Ông Jang bị cáo buộc nhiều tội danh, trong đó có tội tham nhũng, quan hệ lăng nhăng và sử dụng ma túy.

Ông Jang kết hôn với người cô của ông Kim Jong Un là bà Kim Kyong Hui, em gái của nhà lãnh đạo quá cố Kim Jong Il. Ông Jang trước đây từng bị thất sủng dưới triều đại ông Kim Jong Il nhưng sau đó tái xuất và thăng chức cao hơn trong quá trình chuyển tiếp quyền lãnh đạo.
ABC NewsBy Analysis By JOOHEE CHO
Details emerging from North Korea about Kim Jong-un'ssurprising public purging of his uncle from a top position indicate that it was a family affair with his aunt and brother, armed with a pistol, taking part in the arrests of ranking officials.
Analysts who study the secretive regime also fear that the arrest of Jang Song-thaek, the man widely known to have been the real power behind Kim, signals a generational change for North Korea as well as period of upheaval.
Jang was arrested this week for corruption, acts of treachery, and womanizing with state TV airing humiliating photographs of him being dragged out of the Party Central Committee meeting by uniformed officers.
Jang had supported a smooth transition of power to a young Kim Jong-un, who was 28 at the time of Kim Jong-il's death in 2011. He is the uncle of Kim and husband of Kim Jong-Il's sister Kim Kyong-hee.
"What you have to understand is that the North Korean dynasty is run by an absolute blood-based hereditary mindset," pointed out Lee Yun-keol, the president of North Korea Strategic Information Service Center.
The purge drama was designed by Kim Kyong-hee, Jang's wife, and Kim Jong-un, Lee said. "She has openly expressed to the political bureau members that Jang's power line is a threat to the royal family so she took an obvious choice."
Lee claims that Kim Jong-un's older brother Kim Jong-chul personally directed the arrest of Jang's two closest aides last month.
"He was even armed with a gun when he took the General Guard Bureau soldiers to arrest and execute the men," Lee said.
Lee is a former North Korean soldier who fled to South Korea from the North in 2005 while working as a science researcher at the same General Guard Bureau's special unit in charge of Kim family's health. He communicates with former colleagues inside North Korea on a regular basis.
The arrest of Jang was remarkable for several reasons, observers said.
"That purge was surprisingly earlier than expected. Kim's been in power for less than two years and he does not yet have a strong political base in the party. North Korea is likely to be unstable for the time being," said Park Chang-kwon, senior research fellow at Korea Institute for Defense Analyses in Seoul.
"What is surprising is the dramatic and public nature of the purge. It's different from what has happened in the past," according to Daniel Pinkston, deputy project director for Northeast Asia at the International Crisis Group. "It might be a representation of Kim Jong-un's personal nature."
The most important significance of Jang's downfall is that it signals the beginning of a generation change of power. "Kim is young. He has a long way to go and this was an inevitable step to consolidate power around him with young and fresh generals," said Koh You-hwan, professor of North Korean studies at Dongguk University in Seoul.
North Korean state media has been rallying up "eternal loyalty" to its "great leader Kim Jong-un" on a daily basis this week. Four pages were devoted on Rodong Shimbun detailing public reaction to Jang's downfall.
"How dare someone like Jang tries to cover up the mighty sun!" said a director of a North Korean science research center. Other statements on the daily state newspaper included "I want to grab Jang by the neck and shove him down a boiling pot", "Jang is worse than an animal, full of immorality, and ungratefulness."
The South Korean media have also been reporting that a high-level North Korean official close to Jang had fled to China carrying confidential documents on North Korea's nuclear program and Kim Jong-un's private financial assets. Citing unidentified sources from North Korea, SBS TV, one of three main terrestrial channels in South Korea, claimed that the dissident is currently under custody of the South Korean government.
Jiyoung Sohn contributed to this report

North Korean leader's uncle 'executed over corruption'

uniformed guards standing over chang song-thaekState TV had broadcast footage of Mr Chang being removed from a public party meeting by armed guards

The once-powerful uncle of North Korean leader Kim Jong-un has been executed after being purged for corruption, state news agency KCNA reports.

North Korea images confirm removal of Kim Jong-un's uncle Chang Song-thaek

The BBC's Lucy Williamson said that Mr Chang has been removed from all his official posts

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North Korea has broadcast images of the once-powerful uncle of leader Kim Jong-un being removed from a meeting, confirming reports of his dismissal.
The dramatic images show Chang Song-thaek being escorted from a party session by uniformed guards.
The state news agency KCNA accused Mr Chang of forming factions against the state, corruption and "depraved" acts such as womanising and drug abuse.
Analysts say such a public dismissal is unique and could signal a wider purge.
It is the biggest upheaval in North Korea's leadership since Mr Kim succeeded his father two years ago. Seen as an economic reformer, Mr Chang handled talks with Pyongyang's only major ally, China.
The KCNA state news agency said the decision was announced after a meeting of the ruling communist Korean Workers' Party Politburo over the weekend.
uniformed guards standing over Chang song-thaekPictures released by the KCNA state news agency show uniformed guards approaching Chang Song-thaek at a public meeting
Chang song-thaek being removed from Politburo meetingThe guards then appear to remove Mr Chang from his seat and reports say he was taken from the meeting in full view of his former colleagues
Kim Jong-un presiding over meetingThe images broadcast by KCNA also focus heavily on North Korea's young leader Kim Jong-un
News of his dismissal filtered out in South Korea last week along with reports that two of his close aides had been executed for corruption. It is unclear when these latest images date from.
'Dissolute' life
The KCNA report accuses Mr Chang of being part of a faction working against the North Korean state.
"Chang pretended to uphold the party and leader but was engrossed in such factional acts as dreaming different dreams and involving himself in double-dealing behind the scenes."
It accused him of offences such as financial mismanagement and selling off national resources for his personal gain, but it also denounced him for leading what it called "a dissolute and depraved life".

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Rare moments like these are perhaps the closest we'll come, at least for now, to observing directly the workings of the North Korean state..”
"Ideologically sick and extremely idle and easy-going, he used drugs and squandered foreign currency at casinos while he was receiving medical treatment in a foreign country under the care of the party," the KCNA report said.
It added that he had "improper relations" with several women and "was wined and dined at back parlours of deluxe restaurants".
The BBC's Lucy Williamson in Seoul says such an official announcement detailing his alleged crimes is unique.
Almost overnight, Chang Song-thaek has morphed from uncle and mentor to North Korea's young leader, to "anti-revolutionary" criminal outcast, our correspondent reports.
She adds that this could be seen as the latest in a series of carefully calibrated moves to demonstrate Kim Jong-un's control, yet another sign of his authority and an assertion of his independence.
Mr Chang is reported to have been stripped of all his positions and expelled from the party.
Splicing out Chang Song-thaekImages of Chang Song-thaek were removed from a documentary entitled The Great Comrade, which was rebroadcast over the weekend
On Saturday, North Korean state TV was also reported to have removed footage of Mr Chang from a documentary.
Past disappearance
Mr Chang had held senior posts in the ruling party and the National Defence Commission, the North's top military body.
He was seen as a key powerbroker at the time Kim Jong-un took over after Kim Jong-il died in 2011 - he is married to the elder Kim's sister.

Chang Song-thaek

  • Born 1946; marries Kim Jong-il's sister in 1972
  • Joins Korean Workers' Party administrative ranks in 1970s
  • Elected to Central Committee in 1992
  • Sidelined in 2004, but rehabilitated in 2006
  • 2011: Gets top military post under Kim Jong-un
  • Nov 2013: Dismissed from his position
He has often been pictured beside Kim Jong-un and was seen by some observers as the power behind the throne.
But despite his family ties to the leadership and senior status, he has been targeted in purges in the past.
In 2004, despite his place in the Kim family, he disappeared from public view.
One report at the time, citing South Korean intelligence, said Mr Chang had been placed under house arrest.
Others suggested he had been sent for "re-education". However, two years later he appeared to have been reinstated.
  • Kim Jong-il

    ×Kim Jong-il
    Kim Jong-il was one of the world's most secretive leaders.Tales from dissidents and past aides created an image of an irrational, power-hungry man who allowed his people to starve while he enjoyed dancing girls and cognac.
    But a different picture was painted by Sung Hae-rim, the sister of one of Kim Jong-il's former partners in her memoir, The Wisteria House.
    She describes a devoted father and a sensitive, charismatic individual, although she admits even those closest to him were fearful of him.
    North Korean media depicted him as a national hero, whose birth to the country's founder, Kim Il-sung, was marked by a double rainbow and a bright star.
  • Kim Kyung-hee

    ×Kim Kyung-hee
    The late Kim Jong-il's youngest sister and the wife of the man formerly regarded as the second most powerful figure in North Korea, Chang Song-taek.
    She has held a wide range of important Workers' Party positions including being a member of the all-powerful Central Committee.
    Her promotion to four-star general made Kim Kyung-hee the first North Korean woman ever to achieve such status.
    Analysts say Kim Kyung-hee and her husband were seen as mentors for the new leader Kim Jong-un, when he came to power in 2011. But news of her husband's dismissal from his senior military post in December 2013, suggests the most significant upheaval in North Korea's leadership since Mr Kim succeeded his father.
  • Chang Song-taek

    ×Chang Song-taek
    Chang Song-taek is married to Kim Kyong-hui, the younger sister of the late Kim Jong-il. When the inexperienced Kim Jong-un became the new leader in 2011, the couple were widely thought to be acting as his mentors.
    In December 2013, the powerful uncle was denounced by the state-run news agency for corruption and images were shown of him being removed from a Politburo meeting by uniformed guards.
    Mr Chang's removal from his post as vice-chairman of North Korea's National Defence Commission - the country's highest military body and the heart of power - is the biggest upheaval in North Korea's leadership since Mr Kim succeeded his father.
  • Kim Jong-nam

    ×Kim Jong-nam
    Kim Jong-nam, 39, is Kim Jong-il's eldest son.
    Sung Hae-rang, the sister of Kim Jong-nam's deceased mother Sung Hae-rim, has written in her memoir that Kim Jong-il was extremely fond of Kim Jong-nam and was pained to be away from him. Like his half-brothers, Kim Jong-nam studied at an international school in Switzerland.
    His chances of succession appeared to be ruined when, in 2001, Japanese officials caught him trying to sneak into Japan using a false passport. He told officials that he was planning to visit Tokyo Disneyland.
    Some analysts argued that he may have been forgiven by his father, as there is precedent for the regime reinstating disgraced figures after a period of atonement. Confucian tradition also favours the oldest son.
    But in a rare interview while on a trip to China last year, Kim Jong-nam said he had "no interest" in succeeding his father.
  • Kim Sul-song

    Kim Sul-song, 36, is Kim Jong-il's daughter born to his first wife, Kim Young-sook.
    Reports say she has worked in the country's propaganda department, with responsibility for literary affairs.
    One South Korean report said she had also served as her father's secretary.
  • Kim Jong-chul

    ×Kim Jong-chul
    Kim Jong-chul, 29, studied at an international school in Switzerland. He works in the WKP propaganda department.
    His mother, Ko Yong-hui, is said to have been the North Korean leader's favourite consort.
    However, Kenji Fujimoto, the pseudonym of a Japanese sushi chef who spent 13 years cooking for Kim Jong-il, has written that the leader considered his second son "no good because he is like a little girl".
  • Kim Jong-un

    ×Kim Jong-un
    Kim Jong-un, the second son of Kim Jong-il and his late wife Ko Yong-hui, has been anointed "the great successor" by Pyongyang.
    Like his older brothers, he is thought to have been educated abroad.
    A Japanese sushi chef who worked for Kim Jong-il for 13 years up to 2001 said that he "resembled his father in every way, including his physical frame".
    Speculation that he was being groomed to succeed his father had been rife for years.
    But Kim Jong-un is an inexperienced, untested young man who has no political legitimacy other than his birth. He is inheriting a nation with nuclear weapons and a raft of difficult problems: almost no real economy, widespread hunger and tense relations with South Korea and the US.
  • Ri Sol-ju

    ×Ri Sol-ju
    Ri Sol-ju was introduced as Kim Jong-un's wife in state media reports about the opening of an amusement park in July 2012.
    Reports simply said he attended the event with his wife, "Comrade Ri Sol-ju".
    Little more is known about Ri Sol-Ju, although there has been much speculation about her background since pictures first emerged of Kim Jong-un with an unidentified woman. There is a North Korean singer of the same name, but she is not now thought to be the same person.
    State media did not mention when the couple got married.
  • Kim Han-sol

    ×Kim Han-sol
    The grandson of Kim Jong-il and nephew of leader Kim Jong-un has said he wants to "make things better" for the people of his country.
    Kim Han-sol, 17, spoke of his dreams of reunification of the two Koreas in an television interview in Bosnia, where he is studying. Kim Han-sol said he had never met his grandfather or uncle.
    He described an isolated childhood spent mostly in Macau and China, after his birth in Pyongyang in 1995. In the future, he said he pictured himself going to university and then "volunteering somewhere".

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  • North Korean leader Kim Jong-un attends a meeting of the ruling Workers' Party politburo in Pyongyang, in this undated photo released by North Korea's Korean Central News Agency (KCNA), 9 December 2013N Korea leader's uncle 'executed'

    The uncle of North Korean leader Kim Jong-un, Chang Song-thaek, is executed after being purged for corruption, says the state news agency.